Frozen Shoulder Physiotherapy
in Brampton

Understanding Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, manifests as restricted shoulder range of motion accompanied by discomfort and stiffness. This condition arises from inflammation and thickening of the connective tissue surrounding the shoulder joint capsule, leading to decreased mobility and increased pain. Although X-rays or ultrasounds may not reveal frozen shoulder, individuals experiencing its symptoms are well aware of its impact.

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frozen shoulder treatment in brampton

Symptoms and Stages

Frozen shoulder progresses through three stages:

  • Freezing Stage: Characterized by stiffness and discomfort, this initial phase lasts from six weeks to nine months, with worsening pain and limited shoulder movement.
  • Frozen Stage: While pain may diminish, shoulder stiffness persists, impairing daily activities. This stage spans two to six months.
  • Thawing (Recovery) Stage: Pain subsides, and shoulder range of motion gradually improves over six months to two years, leading to full or near-complete recovery.


Frozen shoulder results primarily from inflammation of tissues surrounding the shoulder joint, leading to swelling, pain, and restricted movement. Factors contributing to this inflammation may include immobilization due to injury, inflammation of muscles or tendons (e.g., rotator cuff tendinitis or bursitis), or unknown causes.

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frozen shoulder physiotherapy brampton

Treatment and Home Interventions

Physiotherapy plays a key role in managing frozen shoulder:

  • Initial Treatment: Physiotherapy and pain medication are commonly used during the acute stage. If symptoms persist, a combination of therapy and surgery may be necessary.
  • Home Remedies:
    • Hot and cold compresses alleviate pain and inflammation.
    • Pain and swelling-reducing medications such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen may be prescribed.
    • Physiotherapy-guided stretches and exercises improve range of motion.
    • Continued home exercise program supports recovery.
    • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) blocks nerve impulses to alleviate pain.
  • Surgical Options:
    • Manipulation Under Anesthesia: Under anesthesia, the shoulder is manipulated to stretch or tear the joint capsule, expanding motion.
    • Shoulder Arthroscopy: Small incisions are made to release constrictive areas of the joint capsule.

These surgical methods are often combined for optimal outcomes.


Physiotherapy serves as a cornerstone in the management of frozen shoulder, offering hands-on care, patient education, and tailored treatment plans. Whether resulting from a vehicle accident, sports injury, or debilitating ailment, individuals can expedite recovery and restore mobility with the assistance of physiotherapy.

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